For a wine, the title of cru classé is above all a qualitative recognition. In the Medoc, in 1855 a classification was established and separated into two lists.
The first list is graded in five levels and concerns the red wines of the Haut Médoc, margaux, saint-julien, pauillac, saint-estèphe appellations and Haut Brion, which is the only exception from the Graves. The second list concerns sweet white wines, all Sauternes, and graduated in 3 levels. Only the Château D'Yquem is on the first level. (> read our article "Grands Crus Classés from Bordeaux, official classification of 1855")
It was only a century later, in 1953, that the wines of Graves obtained their classification.
It is 12 crus that have joined the Château Haut Brion (which is found in 2 rankings) to constitute the ranking of wines of Graves. In 1959, 8 crus in dry white wine join the list. This ranking is the only one not to distinguish whites from reds.
The classification of Saint-Emilion wines was created in 1955.